GeoDesign Knowledge Portal


LANDIS is a spatially explicit landscape simulation model. It models natural processes, such as fire, wind, and insect disturbance; succession, and seed dispersal, as well as forest management.


The purpose of LANDIS is to predict forest landscape change over long time periods. LANDIS was developed because previous forest simulation models were not suited for larger areas. Spatially explicit computer simulation of entire landscapes requires simulation at appropriate spatial resolution and level of mechanisms and processes that are modeled. LANDIS is a spatially explicit landscape simulation model. It models natural processes, such as fire, wind, and insect disturbance; succession, and seed dispersal, as well as forest management. LANDIS is raster-based and tracks only the presence or absence of tree species in a given age class. Disturbance events are simulated stochastically based on mean return intervals and disturbance size.

Source Of Description

Ecological Modelling, Vol 180 Iss 1, H.S., D.J. Mladenoff and E.J. Gustafson. 2002. Study of landscape change under forest harvesting and climate warming-induced fire disturbance. Forest Ecology and Management 155:257-270.Many more, see web site

URL (No Longer Available)

For Application Domains

Fire Management

Fire Suppression

Forest Management

Fuels Management


Timber Harvesting

Decision Problem Types Targeted

Status Assessment

Used In Case Studies

Forest And Wildlife Modeling With LANDIS

Domain Knowledge Modeling Area

Forest Fuel Modeling

Forest Succession Modeling

Invasive Species Modeling

Landscape Analysis And Modeling

Planning And Decision Process Phases/Steps Served

Domain Knowledge Process Model Development

Scenario Simulation And Comparison


Methods And Techniques Implemented


Systems Functional Components


Accepts Data Of Process Types

Biophysical Process

Analysis Extent

Subregional Extent

Analysis Unit


Indicators Used

Forest Age Classes Or Successional Stages

Forest Fragmentation

Forest Types

Species Abundance

Species Distribution

Species Diversity

Species Viability

Supports Analysis Of Interdisciplinary Interactions

False ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean

Software Required


Description Of System Components

LDAVI (LANDIS ArcView Interface) is an extension for ArcView 3.1 on Windows NT, that allows for convenient display of LANDIS output.

Scientific Expertise Level Required

Extensive Scientific Training

Online Download Available

False ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean

Developer Assistance Needed For Installation/Configuration

True ^^ Http://Www.W3.Org/2001/Xmlschema#Boolean


Not Priced

Development Status

Prototype Being Applied

Tool Maker

Forest Landscape Ecology Lab, University Of Wisconsin

Information Source

National Commission On Science For Sustainable Forestry

Contact Person

Robert Scheller

Parent Categories

Software Tools And Models - All

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Last Updated

2009-09-09T14:23:25.79-08:00 ^^

Decision Process Activity Types Served

Decision Alternatives Generation, Scenario Simulation

Domain Knowledge Modeling


Software Type

Spatial Decision Support Systems

Can Calculate Effects

Biophysical Process

Climate Change Process

Timber Harvest Process

Wild Fire

Model Type

Simulation Models

Graphical Ontology Browser

  • Click on a node to jump to the content of that node
  • Pan to see the rest of the graph
  • Scroll the mousewheel up and down to zoom in and out
  • Rearrange the nodes in the graph by dragging a node to a different position


IntroductionGeodesign Problem TypesPlanning/Decision ContextPlanning And Spatial Decision ProcessMethods And Techniques
methods and techniques; methodology
TechnologyData And Domain KnowledgePeople And ParticipationGeodesign Resources