GeoDesign Knowledge Portal

Phase 4 - Design

The design phase during a planning process involves creating and analyzing a set of possible solutions (alternative courses of action) to problem identified in the condition assessment phase (intelligence phase). This phase calls for a transition of the mindset from the "problem space" to the "solution space."

Depending on the spatial scale and complexity of the decision problem, the design alternatives are either created by humans (e.g., design professionals, public, etc. creating a land use plan), or generated by some software (e.g. an expert system generating a warehouse space layout plan). The design steps "concept design" and "detail design" are the steps involved when humans are creating the design alternatives. The step "alternative generation" is involved when some software is generating the design alternatives.

The Participant Roles That Are Commonly Present During A Geodesign Process Phase/Step.

Alternative Generation

Alternative Screening

Concept Design

Detail Design

Visualization

A Participant Role Can Be Filled By Different Professional Roles Or Stakeholder Roles During Different Geodesign Process Phases/Steps. For Example, During The Constraints Specification Step, The Advisor Role Is Often Assumed By Business, Community, Public, Resource Owner. Mediator, GIS Analyst, Technology Provider, Decision Maker, Scientist, Lawyer, Policy Expert; During The Domain Data Analysis Step, The Advisor Role Is Often Assumed By GIS Analyst, Resource Manager, Scientist.

Advisor

Recommendation Group

Stakeholder

A Participant Role Can Be Filled By Different Professional Roles Or Stakeholder Roles During Different Geodesign Process Phases/Steps. For Example, During The Constraints Specification Step, The Advisor Role Is Often Assumed By Business, Community, Public, Resource Owner. Mediator, GIS Analyst, Technology Provider, Decision Maker, Scientist, Lawyer, Policy Expert; During The Domain Data Analysis Step, The Advisor Role Is Often Assumed By GIS Analyst, Resource Manager, Scientist.

Business

Community

Decision Maker

GIS Analyst

Lawyer

Mediator

Policy Expert

Public

Resource Owner

Technology Provider

The Participant Roles That Are Commonly Present During A Geodesign Process Phase/Step.

Phase 5 - Choice

A Participant Role Can Be Filled By Different Professional Roles Or Stakeholder Roles During Different Geodesign Process Phases/Steps. For Example, During The Constraints Specification Step, The Advisor Role Is Often Assumed By Business, Community, Public, Resource Owner. Mediator, GIS Analyst, Technology Provider, Decision Maker, Scientist, Lawyer, Policy Expert; During The Domain Data Analysis Step, The Advisor Role Is Often Assumed By GIS Analyst, Resource Manager, Scientist.

Design

Description

Continuous Spatial Decision Process Improvement

Contributor

Hamid Ekbia; Karen Kemp; Andrew Miller

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References

IntroductionGeodesign Problem TypesPlanning/Decision ContextPlanning And Spatial Decision ProcessMethods And Techniques
methods and techniques; methodology
TechnologyData And Domain KnowledgePeople And ParticipationGeodesign Resources